(...) Distortions, Errors, Misrepresentations – Devdutt Pattanaik’s Mahabharata By Abhinav Agarwal Rama responds to public gossip by renouncing his wife, and asking her to undergo a test before Agni (fire). Rama performs @ Soorya Festival Photogallery. Just like Vijayadashmi, Diwali is celebrated by different communities across India to commemorate different events in addition to Rama's return to Ayodhya. [105][106] Their influence has ranged from being a framework for personal introspection to cultural festivals and community entertainment. she has no husband RIGHT ? Rama heads outside the Kosala kingdom, crosses Yamuna river and initially stays at Chitrakuta, on the banks of river Mandakini, in the hermitage of sage Vasishtha. One day, a demoness called Shurpanakha saw Rama, became enamored of him, and tried to seduce him. Saroja Vaidyanathan is an exponent of Bharatnatyam, a traditional art form of Tamil Nadu. 461) provides a version of the Rama story. [54] Rama, after all his participation in the rescue of Sita and preparation for war, he actually does not kill, thus remains a non-violent person. [18][19] The word is sometimes used as a suffix in different Indian languages and religions, such as Pali in Buddhist texts, where -rama adds the sense of "pleasing to the mind, lovely" to the composite word. Ever since the film was released on Friday, it has been receiving positive reviews from the … Rama Vaidyanathan celebrates Bharatanatyam. According to Hasmukh Dhirajlal Sankalia, an Indian archaeologist, who specialised in Proto- and Ancient Indian history, this is all "pure speculation". In the Sundara Kanda section of the epic, Hanuman describes Rama to Sita when she is held captive in Lanka to prove to her that he is indeed a messenger from Rama: He has broad shoulders, mighty arms, a conch-shaped neck, a charming countenance and coppery eyes; he has his clavicle concealed and is known by the people as Rama. The festival is a part of the spring Navratri, and falls on the ninth day of the bright half of Chaitra month in the traditional Hindu calendar. Tamil Nadu: Girija Vaidyanathan replaces Rama Mohana Rao as Chief Secretary 2. He states in his memoir that the statue stands in the capital of Kosala then called Shravasti, midst ruins of a large monastery. Other than the celebration of Rama's life with dance and music, Hindu temples built in southeast Asia such as the Prambanan near Yogyakarta (Java), and at the Panataran near Blitar (East Java), show extensive reliefs depicting Rama's life. [123] The earliest evidence of these performance arts are from 243 CE according to Chinese records. [77][78][79] Ramacharitamanasa was composed in the 16th century by Tulsidas. refresh). Similarly, there are numerous and very different versions to how Rama deals with rumours against Sita when they return victorious to Ayodhya, given that the rumours can neither be objectively investigated nor summarily ignored. [29][33] However, there is a scholarly dispute whether the modern Ayodhya is indeed the same as the Ayodhya and Kosala mentioned in the Ramayana and other ancient Indian texts. The epic had many versions across India's regions. In some parts of India, Rama's return to Ayodhya and his coronation is the main reason for celebrating Diwali, also known as the Festival of Lights. By the time she was three, Dakshina Vaidyanathan Baghel had decided that she wanted to be a dancer. In most temples, the iconography of Rama is accompanied by that of his wife Sita and brother Lakshmana. The festival is an occasion for moral reflection for many Hindus. [89] The exact century of its completion is unknown, but has been estimated to be somewhere between the 6th century to as late as the 14th century, but it is likely that a version of the text existed in the 1st millennium. Awards and honours. Ravana was killed due to his own ego that he is superior to every other beings. The Madhva tradition considers it to have been more authoritative than the version by Valmiki. [88] The complete text contains over 29,000 verses. Shoorpanakha was devastated and ran away to the forests India from Lanka. Ravana comes to Panchavati to take revenge on behalf of his family, sees Sita, gets attracted, and kidnaps Sita to his kingdom of Lanka (believed to be modern Sri Lanka). For other Ram, see, Rama is a Hindu deity, his iconography varies. Second, he emphasises through what he says and what he does a union of "self-consciousness and action" to create an "ethics of character". [135][136] The Jataka literature of Buddhism is generally dated to be from the second half of the 1st millennium BCE, based on the carvings in caves and Buddhist monuments such as the Bharhut stupa. Rama Vaidyanathan performs along with others during the Gudi Samabaralu event held at the Dharmapuri temple in Hyderabad. [28], The ancient epic Ramayana states in the Balakhanda that Rama and his brothers were born to Kaushalya and Dasharatha in Ayodhya, a city on the banks of Sarayu River. She is equipped with technical skill but is also full of innovative ideas." Valmiki in Ramayana describes Rama as a charming, well built person of a dark complexion (varnam shyaamam) and long arms (Aajana bahu, meaning a person who's middle finger reaches beyond their knee). [118] After the enactment of the legendary war between Good and Evil, the Ramlila celebrations climax in the Dussehra (Dasara, Vijayadashami) night festivities where the giant grotesque effigies of Evil such as of demon Ravana are burnt, typically with fireworks. The Rama of Jainism has numerous wives as does Lakshmana, unlike the virtue of monogamy given to Rama in the Hindu texts. Brave Festival 17,474 views. It is embedded in the latter portion of Brahmānda Purana, and constitutes about a third of it. Sita moves with Rama to his father Dashratha's capital. Rama states that his father should keep his word, adds that he does not crave for earthly or heavenly material pleasures, neither seeks power nor anything else. [25][note 1], This summary is a traditional legendary account, based on literary details from the Ramayana and other historic mythology-containing texts of Buddhism and Jainism. She has been honoured with Padma Shri in 2002 and the Padma Bhushan in 2013 by the Government of India. [123][125] The story of Rama's life has been popular in Southeast Asia. This Jaina text credited to Vimalasuri shows no signs of distinction between Digambara-Svetambara (sects of Jainism), and is in a combination of Marathi and Sauraseni languages. [133], Jain texts tell a very different version of the Rama legend than the Hindu texts such as by Valmiki. He is shown black, blue or dark color, typically wearing reddish color clothes. [117] It is observed through thousands[13] of Rama-related performance arts and dance events, that are staged during the festival of Navratri in India. [citation needed], Rama's life story, both in the written form of Sanskrit Ramayana and the oral tradition arrived in southeast Asia in the 1st millennium CE. Ravana is enraged. A new choreography & concept of seeing through a mirror - two personalities of a woman in one woman- love & devotion--sringara & bhakti. [72] The text philosophically attempts to reconcile Bhakti in god Rama and Shaktism with Advaita Vedanta, over 65 chapters and 4,500 verses. [40] Meanwhile, Ravana harasses Sita to be his wife, queen or goddess. They return to Ayodhya. It illustrates dharma and dharmic living through model characters. Janabai believed in the form while Lalded believed in the formless. The region has numerous Rama temples and is an important Vaishnava pilgrimage site. The Jainism tradition has extensive literature of Rama as well, but generally refers to him as Padma, such as in the Paumacariya by Vimalasuri. —Ramayana 6.115, Valmiki(Abridged, Translator: Roderick Hindery)[66], As a person, Rama personifies the characteristics of an ideal person (purushottama). But everytime she gave it to him she first tasted it to ensure, it was sweet and tasty. While there is a common foundation, plot, grammar and an essential core of values associated with a battle between good and evil, there is neither a correct version nor a single verifiable ancient one. In the Jain version, Lakshmana and Ravana both go to the hell of Jain cosmology, because Ravana killed many, while Lakshmana killed Ravana to stop Ravana's violence. She is also known as a guru and wonderful choreographer. In addition to his guru, some of the renowned instructors Arun studies with include: Smt. [85], The Ramacharitmanas is notable for being the Rama-based play commonly performed every year in autumn, during the weeklong performance arts festival of Ramlila. Even though she’s from Delhi, Rama calls Chennai her home. sfn error: multiple targets (4×): CITEREFJames_G._Lochtefeld2002 (. Sita leaves with him to live in the forest, the brother Lakshmana joins them in their exile as the caring close brother.[37]. Two such texts, for example, are the Adhyatma Ramayana – a spiritual and theological treatise considered foundational by Ramanandi monasteries,[12] and the Ramcharitmanas – a popular treatise that inspires thousands of Ramlila festival performances during autumn every year in India. (Photo: T Mallikarjun) A magical night of … [129], In Jainism, the earliest known version of Rama story is variously dated from the 1st to 5th century CE. He married Sita. © 2009-2020 veethi.com. These features suggest that this text has ancient roots. It was here that the annual Margazhi Kutcheri Season began in Chennai. [113], Rama Navami day also marks the end of the nine-day spring festival celebrated in Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh called Vasanthothsavam (Festival of Spring), that starts with Ugadi. [76][82][note 3], Tulsidas was inspired by Adhyatma Ramayana, where Rama and other characters of the Valmiki Ramayana along with their attributes (saguna narrative) were transposed into spiritual terms and abstract rendering of an Atma (soul, self, Brahman) without attributes (nirguna reality). [107][108], The day is marked by recital of Rama legends in temples, or reading of Rama stories at home. Rama or Ram (/ˈrɑːmə/;[2] Sanskrit: राम, IAST: Rāma, [ˈraːmɐ] ) also known as Ramachandra (रामचन्द्र, Rāmacandra), is a major deity of Hinduism. It is in a temple complex dedicated to Vishnu and dates back to the 7th-century with some restoration work done around 1145 CE based on epigraphical evidence. [15] The "staging of the Ramayana based on the Ramacharitmanas" was inscribed in 2008 by UNESCO as one of the Intangible Cultural Heritages of Humanity. Rama is portrayed as a polite, self-controlled, virtuous youth always ready to help others. 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